Hivshu's attributes

Qilaut

Hivshu, qilaut
Different kinds of Hivshu's qilauts. The photo was taken in Frankfurt by Uschi Erlewein.

Qilaut (a traditional Inuit drum and a shamanic attribute)
A qilaut (Inuit: "that by means of which the spirits are called up", syllabic: ᕿᓚᐅᑦ) is a type of frame drum native to the Inuit cultures of the Arctic.
The qilaut is distinctive in that it has a handle and is made of bone/wood and caribou/polar bear/seal/walrus skin which is not particularly resonant and gives a dull and rumbling sound. It is beaten with a qatuk (a bony/wooden stick) or a kututarq (a bony/wooden mallet). Beats on a qilaut are produced quite differently as is the case with other drums. The person who plays a qilaut beats with a qatuq/kututarq not on the membrane of a drum (as it is usually done)
but on shell (rim) of a drum.

And during beating on a qilaut with a kututarq a person can shake the qilaut, move it in different directions, dance to the accompaniment of the qilaut. Some Inuit use the technique of playing a qilaut in which a person does as if he/she twirls the qilaut and then alternately beats with the kututarq first on one side of the rim and then on the other side of the rim. But, of course, it is possible to play a qilaut using a traditional way of playing it: the way when a person beats on the membrane of a drum

Hivshu, qilaut
Different kinds of Hivshu's qilauts. The photo was taken in Frankfurt by Uschi Erlewein.
Hivshu, qilaut

From the time immemorial for Inuit people a qilaut was a musical instrument and a sacred attribute of an angakkoq (an Inuit shaman). In Greenland a rim of a qilaut were made from bones of different animals because there weren't and aren't trees on this island.

But nowadays it is possible to make a drum from wood because wood is brought to Greenland. And it is easer to make a qilaut from wood. So most of musical qilauts are wooden. But some Inuit shamans prefer to make their qilauts from bones of different animals. They consider that the qilaut which is made of bones helps them to have close connection with their spirits and ancestors.

Hivshu, qilaut
Hivshu, qilaut

There is one more interesting technique of playing a qilaut which is quite common Inuit one: a qatuk (a special stick used by Inuit as a beater for a qilaut) is made in such a way that it is longer than the diameter of the qilaut in order to be able to play the qilaut exactly in this technique. When playing a qilaut in this technique, the qatuk strikes the rim of the qilaut from the inside and along the edge of the rim from both sides. In this case, the qatuk is intentionally made so thin that in the performance of this technique of playing a qilaut this qatuk could also bend, also striking the membrane of the qilaut on the inside of the qilaut. If you watch this video carefully, then you will notice all this.